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Status of the printing and dyeing industry

Since the reform and opening up, the scale of China's printing and dyeing industry has developed rapidly. The number of large-scale enterprises (20 million yuan and above) has reached 1,937, and the number of employees has exceeded 300,000. In January-March 2012, 1937 printing and dyeing enterprises above designated size The output of printing and dyeing fabrics was 12.743 billion meters, up 9.76% year-on-year. The five provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong and eastern Fujian Province accounted for 92.6% of the country's total output, of which Jiangsu Province was 1.033 billion meters, an increase of 15.03%.

Due to factors such as production equipment, professional talents, capital investment, etc., China's printing and dyeing industry generally has the capacity to expand production capacity to enhance the profit margin of enterprises, restricting the research and development, absorption and application of advanced technology, as well as product grade, quality and added value. improve.

In terms of product technology structure, in recent years, a number of new textile printing and dyeing products with high quality, good performance and high added value, such as elastic products, Tencel, bamboo fiber, etc., have been developed, but the entire printing and dyeing industry is still in the middle and low-end, Dalu products. Mainly, the structural gap between enterprises is growing, and the investment in R&D is increasing. Enterprises that actively develop new products and increase the added value of products are often more competitive in the market.

On the other hand, the printing and dyeing industry is a typical high-pollution and high-energy-consuming industry. As a key control industry that has been included in the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” emission reduction, the cost of sewage disposal has increased sharply in the face of strong pressure from environmental protection policies. At the same time, influenced by industrial policies, bank loans have many restrictions, low industry profits, high capital dependence, high financial costs, and the implementation of the new labor contract law has greatly increased the labor expenses and production costs of enterprises. The labor-intensive, small-profit industry has had a big impact.